Sunburn is caused by overexposure of the skin to the ultraviolet rays also known as UV rays of the sun. Unfortunately, the symptoms of sunburn do not begin until two to four hours after the suns damage has been done. The reaction of redness, pain and swelling does not occur for 24 hours.
Constant or repeated sunburn can lead to premature ageing of the skin (wrinkling, sagging, and brown sunspots) and even skin cancer in the damaged area. A lot of people think this only affects white people when actually it affects other people too due to the fact that the sun in this part of the world is very harsh. Extra precaution should be taken for kids and light skinned people, their skins are more susceptible to damage.
1. Sunscreens are not effective alone in preventing sunburn or other sun related skin damage, it is important that your sunglasses have protection against UV rays ensure you always check for that before getting your sunglasses
2. You should try as much as possible to avoid the sun from 10am to 3pm when the sun rays are most intense.
3. You can treat your burn with an ibruprofen product like advil, motrin or nuprin. They can help you reduce your discomfort.
4. Once you have sunburn do not wear a tight fitted cloths rather wear loose soft clothes to avoid irritation of the burned skin.
5. Have a cool bath or apply cool wet compresses to theaffected areas several times a day, you can add little baking soda to a tubful of water you’re using to compress and use a moisturiser. This will would help prevent peeling but would relieve the irritation of dry flaky skin
6. Make sure you drink a lot of water to prevent dehydration.
7. For broken blisters, trim off the dead skin and apply an antibiotic ointment, wash it off and reapply it twice daily for three days.
8. Do not use petroleum or other ointments on the burn because they prevent heat and sweat from escaping from the skin, do not use first aid creams or sprays that contain benzocaine on burns because they can cause an allergic rash.
9. When your child has sunburn or you have severe sunburn with blisters, extreme pain, general wellness, light headedness or a headache you should seek medical advice.